Istria

Istria

Istra is the largest peninsula in the Adriatic and it occupies 3.476 km2. Most of its territory belongs to the Repubblic of Croatia, while the very small amount of it belongs to Republic of Italy. The coast in front of the bay of Kopar and a part of the bay of Piran make the part of Slovenian territory.
The istrian coast, together with the island and islets occupies altogether 539 m. Western coast is more indented and it is about 327. Eastern coast is, together with the islets about 212 km long and there are many coves and deep bays or river deltas. In front of the coast of Rovinj and Poreč you can see islands of Brijuni. Istria got its name after the Illyrian tribe called Histri which inhabited the area. Romans conquered Istria only after two invasions, about 177.b.C.
Over the centuries, Istria had been in contact with three great European cultures: Slavic, Roman and German. Liburni, Histrians, Greeks, Celts, Romans, Ostrogoths, , Langobards, Croatians. Francs, Venetians, Austrians and Italians who occupied the region have made significant impact on the present culture.
Istria is influenced by Mediterranean climate so summers are dry and warm while the winters are mild, but the climate gradually changes towards the mainland so it becomes more continental because of the cold air from the mountains and Alps.
Due to its geographical position, Istria has always represented a bridge which connected the middle-european area with the Mediterranean.

 

 
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