History

Dioklecijan
Emperor Diocletian

It is a widely spread opinion that Split came to existence when the emperor Diocletian decided to build his residence in this area in 3rd century AC. At that time, the only significant settlement was a city of Salona, a residence of Christian culture which was destroyed in 7th century AC by Slavic and Avar tribes so the local population looked for protection within the walls of the palace. However, the history of Split begins even earlier according to the findings and a geographical map from 1st century AD which confirms that Split was already then an important port. Mosaics are the cellars of the palace as well as the remains of places of sacrifice show that this location was inhabited even before the construction of the palace.

Palača
Diocletian Pallace

The city of Split had different names during centuries – it was referred as Spalatum, Aspalatos, Spalato but the origin of the name is actually a Greek word for a plant broom gr. Aspalathos, widely known in this region.

Peristil
Split today

Although Diocletian planned his palace to be a caesarean residence, the population started to arrive so the northern part was defined for housing whereas the southern part was reserved exclusively for the chambers of the Caesar.

In the 11th century split is considered to be one of the richest towns in the mediterranean, but still, the influence of Venetian and Turkish invasions could not be ignored. Numerous inhabitants started to pour into the city, the interior organization of the palace was being changed and in 16th century lazaretto was also build to avoid the spreading of contagious diseases. Materials and clothes were decontaminated as well as fabric. In Medieval period, it was an important port for the exchange of good between Venice and Turkish empire.

Salona
Salona


The city had tempestuous history and it was attacked many times. With the invasion of French, the city changes its appearance; roads are being built, as well as fountains and squares.

Today, Split is second by size in Croatia and a significant tourist destination because of its history, beauty and ideal geographical position in respect to other nearby cities and excursion sites and beaches.

 
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